Young Turks: History, Meaning and Origin, Ottoman Empire & Significance

Young Turks-History

About Young Turks: Young Turks was a governmental revolutionary movement in the early twentieth century that advocated for the Ottoman Empire’s absolute monarchy to be replaced with a constitutional government. In the 1908 Young Turk Revolution, they spearheaded a revolt against Sultan Abdulhamid II’s absolute power.

With this revolution, the Young Turks helped to create the Second Constitutional Era in the same year, ushering in the country’s first era of multi-party democracy.

Origin Of Young Turks

Shak Sükuti, Serâceddin Bey, Tunal Hilmi, Kil Muhtar, Mithat ükrü, Emin Bey, Lutfi Bey, Doctor efik Bey, Nûri Ahmed, Doctor Reshid, and Münif Bey are Young Turks members.

The Young Turks, inspired by the Young Italy political movement, had their origins in secret societies of progressive medical university students and military cadets, such as the Young Ottomans, who were forced underground along with all political dissent after the Constitution of 1876 was abolished and the First Constitutional Era ended after only two years by Abdulhamid II in 1878.

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The Young Turks advocated for the restoration of the Ottoman Parliament and the 1876 constitution, drafted by reformer Midhat Pasha.

 Who makes up the Young Turks?

Politics, lifestyle, pop culture, science, sports, and other social issues are all covered by TYT. Cenk Uygur, Ben Mankiewicz, and Dave Koller conceived the show. Uygur and Ana Kasparian now co-host it, and a variety of other in-studio participants frequently accompany it.

Young Turk Revolution

The Ottoman Empire’s Young Turk Revolt was a constitutionalist revolution. The Young Turks-led Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) convinced Sultan Abdul Hamid II to restore the Ottoman Constitution and recall the parliament, ushering in multi-party politics inside the Empire.

The Ottoman Empire’s Second Constitutional Era runs from the Young Turk Revolution through the Empire’s demise.

More than three decades earlier, in 1876, Abdul Hamid created a constitutional monarchy during the First Constitutional Era, which lasted barely two years when Abdul Hamid suspended it and reinstated autocratic powers to himself.

Young Turks Movement

The revolution began with the Young Turk movement, which sought to demolish Abdul Hamid’s dictatorship and reinstall the Constitution. Although most Young Turk academics were banished, many in the military sympathized with the Young Turks.

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A more powerful Young Turk faction formed the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), led by Ahmed Rza, who was in exile in Paris.

The Unionists desired a Turk-dominated Ottoman Empire. The CUP penetrated various institutions inside the Ottoman government beginning in 1905, with the majority of recruits being young officers of the Ottoman Third Army.