Manmohan Singh: History, Biography, Educational Profile, Career & Achievements

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The 13th Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh, was a wise and well-known economist and politician from India.

Manmohan Singh Biography

About Manmohan Singh:  Manmohan Singh was born on September 26, 1932, and served as India’s prime minister from 2004 to 2014, becoming the country’s first Sikh Prime Minister. In addition, after Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi, he became the third Prime Minister to win a second term in office.

Manmohan Singh Childhood & Education 

Gurmukh Singh and Amrit Kaur welcomed Manmohan Singh into the world on September 26, 1932, at Gah, Punjab, British India.

His mother passed away while he was pretty minor. Therefore his paternal grandma raised him. After India was divided, the family eventually moved to Amritsar, India.

Manmohan Singh stood out from other students due to his extraordinary academic performance. He enrolled at the Indian Panjab University, earning a bachelor’s degree in economics in 1952. In 1954, Hoshiarpur awarded him a master’s degree in economics.

After enrolling at the University of Cambridge, Manmohan Singh finished his Economics Tripos and joined St. John’s College in 1957.

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As a member of Nuffield College, Manmohan Singh eventually pursued his D.Phil. at the University of Oxford, proving that he could never have enough education.

Manmohan SinghEarly Career 

After completing his D.Phil. at the University of Oxford, Manmohan Singh left for India. He left to serve with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) between 1966 to 1969.

In 1969, he returned to India to work as a consultant for Lalit Narayan Mishra’s Ministry of Foreign Trade. From 1969 to 1971, he taught international trade at the University of Delhi’s School of Economics.

In 1972, he was named the Ministry of Finance’s Chief Economic Adviser. Four years later, he was promoted to Secretary. He has held other roles, such as governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 1982 to 1985 and chair of the Indian Planning Commission from 1985 to 1987.

Singh was appointed general secretary of the South Commission, a private economic policy think tank with offices in Geneva, Switzerland, from 1987 to 1990. Upon his return to India, he worked as the Economic Affairs Advisor to the Prime Minister of India during the administration of V.P. Singh.

Manmohan Singh Achievements 

Manmohan Singh, an economist, put policies in place to hasten the nation’s economic expansion. In 2007, the nation’s economy grew at the second-fastest rate in the world, with a GDP growth rate of 9 percent.

By first enlisting over 500,000 community health workers for the endeavor, his administration launched the National Health Mission to offer healthcare. 

By adding anti-terror provisions to the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, Manmohan Singh also improved national security.

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The Singh administration established the National Investigation Agency in response to the 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai to fight terrorism in the future.

During his two terms in power, he also started several other initiatives to raise the country’s living standards.