Pa Togan Nengminza Sangma 2023: Insights into Colonial India’s Date, History and Lesser-Known Facts

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Pa Togan Nengminza Sangma 2023: Every December 12, Pa-Togan Nengminza Sangma is observed in India. We honor the valiant Garo leader who battled the British Empire to secure India’s independence on this day.

Pa Togan Nengminza Sangma

Pa Togan Nengminza Sangma 2023: Every December 12, Pa-Togan Nengminza Sangma is observed in India. We honor the valiant Garo leader who battled the British Empire to secure India’s independence on this day. Even though Pa-Togan Nengminza’s attempt to attack the British militia was unsuccessful, his bravery and tenacity will live on for the duration of India’s history.

This day honors the other fallen heroes who gave their lives in defense of their nation even though it coincides with the anniversary of his death. Find out more about how to spend this holiday with your loved ones.

The Pa Togan Nengminza Sangma History

The British Empire annexed the Jaintia kingdom in 1835, and Northeastern India came to be known as the “Scotland of the East.” In response, locals staged a rebellion under the leadership of liberation fighter U Kiang Nangbah. But the movement failed because the British launched a strong counterattack. They had achieved hegemony in the Garo Hills at this point.

Lt. W.J. Williamson, the Assistant Commissioner to The Hills, imposed British rule over half of the district in 1866. They went to tremendous lengths by 1872 to seize control of the Garo Hills, including marching in an expeditionary fashion to the east, south, and west to seize the whole area. The native tribes put up a fierce fight against the British soldiers during this military campaign, most notably Pa-Togan Negminza Sangma, the leader of the Garo, who refused to submit to the imperial forces.

The British troops set up camp in the Garo Hills at Matcha Rongkrek in December 1872. Pa-Togan and the other members of his Garo tribe plotted an attack while they were asleep. The local tribes had little time to prepare due to the sudden nature of the British occupation. But their fierce resilience more than made up for what they lacked in weapons. In this attack, the British quickly gained the upper hand through retaliation. The British army’s guns were too strong for the Garo’s swords. Nevertheless, the Garo soldiers fought to the death, and a hail of bullets killed Pa-Togan, the last man standing.

The British Empire was unable to withstand Pa-Togan’s valiant attempt to defend his tribe and territory. Together with U Tirot Sing and U Kiang Nangbah, two other Garo soldiers, his bravery and patriotism have been immortalized.

A Guide to Witnessing Pa Togan Nengminza Sangma

Go to the Shrine of Martyrs’ Column.

Pa Togan Nengminza Sangma was given eternal life at the Martyr’s Column Shrine in Shillong, Meghalaya, along with his fellow Garo tribesmen. Spend some time honoring and showing respect to these courageous heroes by visiting the shrine.

Journey to the Reserve Forest of Rongrengiri

Go to the Rongrengisi Reserve Forest’s Pa-Togan Nengminza Memorial Park. Students and young children frequent this well-known location, where a lavish ceremony featuring a floral tribute in prayer is held.

Attend Chisobibra’s film screenings

On this day, Chisobibra typically screens films about Indian freedom. Film enthusiasts should attend this Williamnagar Art and Culture Group event.

5 Things You May Not Know About Colonial India

The Goliath of India is Pa-Togan.

Pa-Togan is frequently drawn parallels with the Philistine warrior Goliath because of his fortitude, bravery, and strength.

They made shields out of plantain stems.

Pa-Togan and his tribe used plantain stems as shields against bullets because they knew the British soldiers carried guns.

There were 75 more years of British rule.

Pa-Togan’s attack notwithstanding, the British occupation of India persisted until 1947.

The “Emperor in the Cap”

When India was under British rule, it was known as the “Jewel in the Crown.”

There was a centralized despotism of the father.

India developed into the largest bureaucracy in the world during this time.

The significance of This day

Pa-Togan is a symbol of valor.

Not just among military personnel, but throughout all of India, Pa-Togan is revered. His unmatched bravery serves as a powerful reminder of the value of defending your nation and tribe.

A nationalistic day

The Garo tribe has a fascinating sense of patriotism. We honor the enduring power of love and the selfless sacrifices made for one’s nation on this day. It represents the two fundamental principles that Indians live by: loyalty and unity.

It pays tribute to fallen heroes.

Although Pa-Togan is the focus of this day, it also honors his entire tribe for overcoming misfortune and hardship in order to defend Meghalaya. It’s a fantastic chance to teach the next generation about their historical and cultural contributions.


Year Date Day
2023 December 12 Tuesday
2024 December 12 Thursday
2025 December 12 Friday
2026 December 12 Saturday
2027 December 12 Sunday
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