Gujarat History: Culture, Arts, Festivals, Music, Language & Tradition

Gujarat History: Culture, Arts

History of Gujarat: Gujarat served as one of the main hubs of the Indus Valley civilization, which was predominantly centred in present-day Pakistan. It includes historic Indus Valley metropolises including Lothal, Dholavira, and Gola Dhoro. India’s first port was created in the historic city of Lothal.

One of India’s greatest and most well-known archaeological monuments is the old city of Dholavira, which dates back to the Indus Valley civilization. Gola Dhoro was the most recent discovery. In Gujarat, a total of fifty Indus Valley settlement remnants have been found.

Culture of Gujarat

The Gujarati people call Gujarat their home. Both Vallabhbhai Patel, a forefather of the Indian Republic, and Mahatma Gandhi, a global icon famed for his peaceful protest against British rule, were born and raised in Gujarat. 

The history of Gujarati literature dates back to 1000 CE. Hemchandracharya, Narsinh Mehta, Mirabai, Premanand Bhatt, Shamal Bhatt, Dayaram, Dalpatram, Narmad, Mahatma Gandhi, K. M. Munshi, Suresh Joshi, and Rajendra Shah are notable recipients of the Gujarati literature prize.

Bhavai is much revered in Gujarati theatre. Stage dramas are performed in folk music as part of the Bhavai. In movies like Bhavani Bhavai, Oh Darling!, Ketan Mehta and Sanjay Leela Bhansali explored the artistic potential of bhavai.

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And Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam, of course. Singing and talk that considers human nature are part of the dayro (gathering).

Cuisine of Gujarat 

The majority of Gujarati cuisine is vegetarian. Rotli, Bukhari, the pala, rotlo, dal or kadhi, khichdi, bhat, and shak make up the classic Gujarati thali. Chhundo and athanu, an Indian pickle, are being used as condiments.

Gujarat’s four main regions each have their distinct culinary specialities. Many Gujarati foods have a specific combination of sweetness, saltiness, and heat. Buttermilk, or chhash, is regarded as a staple food in the Saurashtra region.

Festivals of Gujarat 

The Gujarati folk traditions include raas-garba and bhavai. Bhavai is a folk theatre that honours Amba and functions as both entertainment and ceremony.

Gujarati people perform the raas-garba as a folk dance to commemorate Navratri. For this dance, males wear kedia and ladies wear chaniya cholis.

Gujaratis fly kites during the celebration of Makar Sankranti. From December until Makar Sankranti, kite flying is popular in Gujarat. Gujarati folks must take undhiyu, a traditional dish made of a variety of vegetables, on Makar Sankranti.

Music of Gujarat 

The Barot community practises Sugam Sangeet, a form of Gujarati folk music, as a hereditary profession. The communities of Gadhvi and Charan have made significant contributions today.

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Wind instruments like the turi, bungal, and pava, string instruments like the ravan hattho, ektaro, and jantar, and percussion instruments like the manjira and zanz pot drum are all frequently used in Gujarati folk music.